Italian composers: Nono, Berio, Maderna. Stockhausen 1952-60. Barraqué. Varèse's Deserts. Boulez's Le Marteau sans Maître. Pousseur, Xenakis. Talk about individuation, Jung, John Cage and will. Analysis of Webern. Twenty-first lecture of the course "The Contemporary Era" by Antioch College Professor John Ronsheim. This course traces the history of 20th Century music until about 1970. For more information visit ronsheim.org.